Manipulation of Cognitions About Employment

High Construal Level Condition:

We now ask you to provide a definition of ‘work’ (or, employment): In general, what is ‘work’? Please provide a definition of work that is short and simple.

Your definition should include only the essential characteristics of the employment relationship that most people would find true.

Your definition should identify essential feature(s) of work that are common to all types of occupations and jobs, and that distinguish ‘work’ from other domains of life.

It might help your thinking to imagine that you are explaining what work is to someone who has no experience with work, for example, a child. State your definition in the textbox below. ‘Work is…’

Low Construal Level Condition:

We now ask you to provide a personal description of ‘work’ (or, employment). In your case, what is ‘’work’? Please describe work from your experience, using specific and concrete details about your employment relationship.

Your description should identify aspects of work that you have experienced in specific situations and at specific moments in time.

Your description should identify specific features of work that distinguish your workplace from other workplaces.

It might help your thinking to imagine that you are explaining what work is to someone who has lots of work experience, for example, a recent retiree. State your description in the textbox below. ‘Work to me is …’

Reference Information

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Paper(s) Using Method

Seeing the ‘‘Forest’’ or the ‘‘Trees’’ of Organizational Justice: Effects of Temporal Perspective on Employee Concerns About Unfair Treatment at Work

Research Paper by Irina Cojuharenco, David Patient, and Michael Bashshur.
Published in "Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes" in 2011.

APA-Format Citation

Cojuharenco, I., Patient, D., & Bashshur, M. R. (2011). Seeing the “forest” or the “trees” of organizational justice: Effects of temporal perspective on employee concerns about unfair treatment at work. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 116(1), 17-31.